We are reminded of the importance of public health response in controlling the spread of diseases by the corona virus epidemic. But what is actually public health? Why is it that we hear so much from public health professionals about the coronavirus, and other health threats?
Broadly speaking, medicine is primarily concerned with treating diseases in patients. While public health is focus on improving the health of communities and preventing future disease.
Public health activities can be broad and diverse. These include health promotion campaigns, infection surveillance and control (as with the response to coronavirus). Providing clean air, safe food, and screening for diseases. These are just three examples of the importance that public health plays in our lives.
Reduced Vaccine-Preventable Disease Health
One of the greatest achievements in medicine and public health is the development of vaccines that protect against infectious diseases. Vaccines have saved literally millions of lives the World Health Organisation (WHO). Estimates that at least ten thousand people died between 2010-2015 and prevented countless others from becoming sick.
The effectiveness of vaccines means that we rarely see measles, polio and measles in developed countries. Modern medicine has made it possible to protect people and communities. From some of the most deadly diseases with a single, safe injection.
Public health is demonstrate by the delivery of vaccines to people all over the globe and the consequent. Reduction in the incidence of disease.
The eradication of smallpox is perhaps the most striking example of how vaccines have had an impact on global healths. Smallpox, a viral disease that causes fever and pustular rash, was one of our most severe infectious diseases. It claimed the lives of around 300 million people worldwide in the 20th century.
Public healths doctors sought to quickly identify smallpox cases in order to eradicate it. To prevent the disease from spreading further, the public healths measure known as ring. Vaccination was use to vaccinate the people who were in contact with the cases. The WHO declared smallpox eliminated in 1980. This is consider one of the most important achievements in public health.
Tobacco Control Health
While there is still much to done, smoking rates have decrease in recent decades. This has had great healths benefits.
Public health played a crucial role in promoting the message of science linking smoking to poor healths outcomes and implementing measures to reduce smoking rates.
Through interventions like healths promotion campaigns, which provide information to the public about tobacco’s dangers, restrictions on cigarette advertisement, plain packaging, restrictions for smoking in public places and increased taxes on cigarettes, we have been able to reduce the number of deaths from smoking.
Tobacco control is one the greatest achievements in public healths. This is particularly true because we have often had to fight the industry or big tobacco to get these initiatives off of the ground.
Tobacco control is a prime example of coordinated action from many government sectors to address a major public-health problem. This area has been recognize as a leader worldwide.
Safety Of Motor Vehicles
Modern society has seen motor vehicles as a significant advancement, but they have also been a leading cause of death and injury.
In the past few decades, road deaths have decreased in industrialized countries. This is despite an increase in the number of drivers and the distances traveled on roads during this time.
With the help of many interventions, we have been able achieve safety improvements and thus fewer deaths.
This includes increased regulation of motor vehicle design standards, improved roads and seatbelt regulation. Speed limits, drink driving deterrents, education, and speed limits.